In Nicaragua, the disability organisations are lobbying decision-makers to include a disability perspective in legislation and political initiatives concerning schooling and education. Work on inclusive education is also linked with initiatives that create a bridge between education and work.
Nicaragua has ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the optional protocol (2008, 2010). In 2011, Nicaragua adopted a new Act on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Act 763) that has been formulated along the lines of the Convention. There is, however, still no budget or responsible authority to implement and monitor application of the new act, or any clear coordination with other legislation that already existed in the area of disability.
Against this background, the umbrella organisation FECONORI – Federación Nicaraguense de Asociaciones de Personas con Discapacidad and the partner organisations continue their work on monitoring application of various laws concerning persons with disabilities, particularly with regard to education, but also to the labour market.
In 2014, FECONORI completed a survey of what prevents persons with disabilities from being included in preschool, compulsory school, vocational training and working life. The aim of the study was partly to identify weakness in the education system, and partly to raise the profile of initiatives and actions that are being taken to include persons with disabilities in working life. The study was also used as a starting point when the disability organisations were planning the activities that would be conducted in 2015–2017.
In recent years, FECONORI has taken part in the Education Ministry’s working group for inclusive education and worked to develop the partnership between civil society organisations and decision-makers. FECONORI has supported the Ministry in its focus on including a disability perspective in teacher training. The goal is for prospective teachers to have knowledge of different disabilities and what pedagogical methods and tools are available, and to be able to apply this knowledge in their role as a teacher. The teacher training programme now contains a course on inclusive teaching.
FECONORI has also contributed to the Education Ministry’s improvement of the statistical tools and the forms used for enrolment in school. The new tools make it easier for school staff to identify and register children with disabilities, which is expected to help generate more accurate statistics that may form the basis for action. Reliable statistics are also important in identifying what initiatives are relevant and making it possible to evaluate and measure the results of various initiatives.
Office in Nicaragua
telefon: +505 227 02 650
De la Rotonda El Gueguense, 4c. al oeste (abajo), 1 cuadra al norte (lago)
Partner organizations in Nicaragua
- FECONORI -– Federación Nicaraguense de Asociones de Personas con Discapacid
- ASCN – Asociación Sordociegos de Nicaragua
- OCN – Organización de Ciegos de Nicaragua
- Los Pipitos La Dalia
- Los Pipitos Nacional