Sustainable development can only take place if people have their rights met. The agenda includes commitments to create peaceful, just and inclusive societies and freedom from fear and violence. The 17 global goals apply to all people and all walks of life.
A special focus is on first reaching the most vulnerable and marginalized people. One of the keywords of the agenda is "Leave No One Behind", "No one should be left out".
The 17 global goals.
Equality, equal opportunities for resources and development can never be possible without including people with disabilities. In order for the agenda and the global goals to be met, everyone must be included. The agenda is inclusive and the theme "Leave No One Behind" reappears.
goal number 4 - Good education for all
Goal 4 is to ensure an inclusive and equal education of good quality and promote lifelong learning for all. It is emphasized here that there must be educational environments that are adapted for children and adults with disabilities. By 2030, "equal access to education and training at all levels for vulnerable people, including persons with disabilities", must be ensured.
goal number 8 - Decent working conditions and economic growth
Goal 8 is to work for inclusive and long-term sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment with decent working conditions for all. One of the sub-goals to achieve by 2030 is "full and productive employment with decent working conditions for all women and men, including young people and persons with disabilities".
goal 10 - Reduced gender inequality
Goal 10 aims to reduce inequality within and between countries. One of the sub-goals is to make it possible for all people, regardless of age, gender, disability, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status, to be included in social, economic and political life by 2030.
goal 11 - Sustainable cities and societies
Goal 11 is about cities and settlements being inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. More than half of the world's population now lives in cities. A figure that is expected to rise to 70 percent within 35 years. This means that many cities continue to grow rapidly. Urbanization has led to an estimated one billion people living in slum-like conditions. In order to create sustainable urban development, the world must, according to goal 11, take special account of people with disabilities, children, and the needs of older people.
Under goal 11, there are two sub-goals that directly affect persons with disabilities. By 2030, the cities of the world will "provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all". The sub-goal also places demands on proper investments in public transport "with special attention to the needs of people in vulnerable situations, women, children, people with disabilities and the elderly". The second sub-goal is for there to be "universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible green areas and public places by 2030, in particular for women and children, the elderly and people with disabilities."
goal 17 - Implementation and global partnership
Through goal 17, the world community states that intensive global commitment will be required for Agenda 2030 to be implemented. A crucial issue for success is to obtain good figures and statistics on the situation in different countries.
Therefore, one of the sub-goals is to increase support for capacity building for developing countries. The sub-target must be met by 2020. The reason for the increased support is to "significantly increase the availability of current and reliable information of high quality, broken down by income, gender, age, ethnicity, migration status, disability, geographical location and other nationally relevant aspects" . The importance of reliable statistics is also emphasized in the UN's latest edition of the Human Development Report. There, the UN agency states that it is crucial that the world community obtains data on which groups are behind, where they are, and what the causes are.
Persons with disabilities can be said to be the world's largest minority. The statistics are deficient, but UN agencies such as the WHO and the World Bank estimate that one billion people live with at least one disability. Nearly 80 percent of them live in low- and middle-income countries. 1 in 5 women in the world has at least one disability.
The UN Development Program and the Human Development Index 2017 state that 1 in 3 people live in low levels of human development, and among them are many people with disabilities. An example of discrimination is that 9 out of 10 children in the world are estimated to go to school, but in the group of children with disabilities the figures are the opposite, where only 1 in 10 receive education.
MyRight sees great opportunities with Agenda 2030 and the global sustainability goals. At the same time, MyRight believes that Agenda 2030 can only become a reality if people with disabilities are really included in the planned progress.
The fact that a sustainable world requires people with disabilities to be included is still ignored by many states. Thus, the disability perspective is a crucial and untapped potential for change, according to MyRight.
The Global Goals are a follow-up to the UN Millennium Development Goals adopted in 2000. The Millennium Development Goals were a set of eight goals aimed at drastically reducing poverty and inequality in the world by 2015. The Millennium Development Goals lacked explicit goals for all the people in the world who live with disability. The Global Goals in Agenda 2030 are broader than the Millennium Goals and people with disabilities are one of the priority groups here.
On September 25, 2015, leaders of the countries of the world adopted Agenda 2030 and the 17 global sustainability goals. It took place after years of discussions, negotiations and consultations with everything from civil society and governments to business and academia. The international disability movement demanded that the global sustainability goals focus on one of the poorest and most marginalized groups in the world - people with disabilities. Another requirement was that the global development goals should be in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).
Agenda 2030 covers all countries of the world and officially came into force in January 2016. The agenda states that sustainable development can only take place if people have their human rights met. Disability is mentioned 11 times in the Global Goals and seven of the 17 Goals have explicit references to disability. It was not mentioned at all in the Millennium Development Goals.
The 17 global goals have 169 sub-goals and 230 indicators. For a 15-year period, until the year 2030, the countries of the world have committed themselves to work together to achieve the global goals and long-term sustainable development. Each country must in turn develop national indicators. All countries in the world choose how often they want to report their implementation of the agenda to the United Nations High Level Political Forum for Sustainable Development (HLPF), which is held in New York every year.