A person who is affected by poverty is often also denied his human rights and has less opportunity to change his life. This is especially clear for persons living with disabilities.
All of MyRight's work is based on the UN Declaration of Human Rights and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. A human right is a human right no matter who you are and where in the world you are. But human rights abuses are ongoing around the world.
The discrimination that persons with disabilities face has several causes. It can be about negative attitudes, misconceptions about disability or about a lack of political will to take advantage of the opportunities and capacity that persons with disabilities possess. Not infrequently, discrimination is due to a lack of knowledge in the environment. In poor countries, it is not uncommon for ignorance about disabilities to lead to myths. Examples of myths are that disabilities are due to curses that have befallen the family or that disabilities are contagious.
Persons with disabilities have poorer health, lower education, fewer financial opportunities than persons without disabilities. They are at greater risk than other groups of being exposed to violence and abuse. At the same time, it is less likely that they will receive help from the police and the judiciary or that preventive work will be directed at the group.
Persons with disabilities often lack the opportunity to actively participate in the development of society, which leads to permanent exclusion. The World Health Organization, WHO, states that disabilities are intimately linked to human rights issues. People are exposed to profound injustices when, due to their disability, they are denied care, education, work and the opportunity for political participation. In the same way, people are abused when they are exposed to violence, abuse and prejudice due to their disability.
Persons living with disabilities, and their families, are at significantly higher risk of economic and social injustice than others. Many countries lack social security systems. Without a security system, it will be the families who, to the best of their ability, can cover for society's shortcomings. Which, of course, hits hardest on those who are already poor or living right on the brink of poverty.
The labor market is often largely closed to persons with disabilities. The challenges for those who have succeeded in getting a job are many and various obstacles make it difficult to keep a job.
When democracy develops and the entire population receives political rights, they can be involved and influence the development of society. Then persons with disabilities can demand answers and responsibility. MyRight's work means that we influence and demand responsibility from decision-makers, authorities and states.
The UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, together with other conventions, contains a wide range of rights. These include the right to social security, to education, to a satisfactory standard of living, to be protected from hunger and starvation, protection for the family, work, rest and leisure. The individual must also be protected from arbitrariness in the exercise of authority.
Human rights regulate the relationship between the state and the individual. Every right of the individual is an obligation of the state. It is the state's responsibility to ensure that human rights are respected, protected and upheld.
Read the publication UN conventions on human rights.
Accessible versions of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Read here on MyRight's website about our work with the convention for people with disabilities.